Population Health Topic

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) 

Defined by: 

  • Evidence of kidney damage (structural abnormalities seen on imaging, albuminuria, urinary sediment abnormalities, abnormal kidney biopsy, history of transplant) 


  • Decreased kidney function for 3 or more months 

Prevalence (Current estimates from the CDC) 

  • More than 1:7 US adults (~35.5 million) have CKD 
  • About 1:3 adults with severe CKD do not know they have CKD 
  • 34% of people over 65 years old have CKD 
  • 12% of people aged 45-54 years have CKD 

CKD Rates in adults based on Race/Ethnicity: 

  • Non-Hispanic White: 12% 
  • Hispanic: 14%  
  • Non-Hispanic Asian: 14% 
  • Non-Hispanic Black: 20% 

Risk Factors: 

  • Diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, auto-immune disease, urinary obstruction, drug toxicity, obesity, family history, older age, race etc.